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Recombinant Human Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18 protein(TNFSF18)

In Stock
  • 货号:
    CSB-AP002351HU
  • 规格:
    ¥27216
  • 图片:
  • 其他:

产品详情

  • 纯度:
    >98% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
  • 内毒素:
    Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
  • 生物活性:
    Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The biological activity as determined by stimulation of IL-8 production using human PBMC is in a concentration range of 0.1-10 ng/ml.
  • 基因名:
    TNFSF18
  • Uniprot No.:
  • 别名:
    Activation inducible TNF related ligand; Activation-inducible TNF-related ligand; AITR ligand; AITRL; GITR ligand; GITRL; Glucocorticoid induced TNF related ligand; Glucocorticoid induced TNFR related protein ligand; Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand; hGITRL; MGC138237; TL6; TNF18_HUMAN; TNFSF18; TNLG2A; Tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 18; Tumor necrosis factor ligand 2A; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18
  • 种属:
    Homo sapiens (Human)
  • 蛋白长度:
    Partial
  • 来源:
    E.Coli
  • 分子量:
    14.3 kDa
  • 表达区域:
    74-199aa
  • 氨基酸序列
    ETAKEPCMAK FGPLPSKWQM ASSEPPCVNK VSDWKLEILQ NGLYLIYGQV APNANYNDVA PFEVRLYKNK DMIQTLTNKS KIQNVGGTYE LHVGDTIDLI FNSEHQVLKN NTYWGIILLA NPQFIS
  • 蛋白标签:
    Tag-Free
  • 产品提供形式:
    Liquid or Lyophilized powder
    Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
  • 缓冲液:
    0.2 m filtered PBS, pH 7.4 ,lyophilized
  • 储存条件:
    Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 保质期:
    The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
    Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
  • 货期:
    5-10 business days
  • Datasheet & COA:
    Please contact us to get it.

产品评价

靶点详情

  • 功能:
    Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF18/AITR/GITR. Regulates T-cell responses. Can function as costimulator and lower the threshold for T-cell activation and T-cell proliferation. Important for interactions between activated T-lymphocytes and endothelial cells. Mediates activation of NF-kappa-B. Triggers increased phosphorylation of STAT1 and up-regulates expression of VCAM1 and ICAM1. Promotes leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. Regulates migration of monocytes from the splenic reservoir to sites of inflammation.
  • 基因功能参考文献:
    1. GITRL levels are significantly elevated in rheumatoid arthritis serum and synovial fluid and are positively correlated with autoantibody production in rheumatoid arthritis, suggesting a role of GITRL in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. PMID: 27098050
    2. GITRL modulates the activities of p38 MAPK and STAT3 to promote Th17 cell differentiation in autoimmune arthritis. PMID: 26657118
    3. An increase in GITRL may impair the balance of Th17/Treg, and contribute to the pathopoiesis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. PMID: 25429429
    4. Serum GITRL levels were higher in SLE patients. PMID: 23251213
    5. Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand (GITRL) confers pseudoexpression to tumor cells by platelets, which results in GITRL expression by megakaryocytes and their platelet progeny. PMID: 22649191
    6. observation suggests a link between cytokine-regulated keratinocyte GITRL expression and its role in inflammatory responses in AD PMID: 22417213
    7. GITRL upregulation induced by IFN-beta on dendritic cells downregulates CTLA-4 on regulatory T (Treg) cells, facilitating proliferation of anergic Treg cells in multiple sclerosis treatment of multiple sclerosis patients. PMID: 22112394
    8. GITRL expression on Kupffer cells may mediate acute rejection in liver transplantation PMID: 21693309
    9. The incorporation of an isoleucine zipper motif could markedly improve the costimulation of hsGITRL. PMID: 20228835
    10. Upregulation by proinflammatory cytokines suggests GITRL may play important role in ocular immunity. High level of constitutive GITRL expression on photoreceptor inner segments suggests photoreceptors participate in regulation of ocular inflammation. PMID: 15326137
    11. Regulates ossteoclasst genersation and substantiate the major role played by the endothelium in bone physiology. PMID: 16179414
    12. Using a GITRL-transfected cell line, we demonstrate that GITRL promotes NK cell cytotoxicity and IFN-gamma production. PMID: 16397134
    13. GITRL could be a potential candidate for regulation of the ocular immune privilege and the balance between immune privilege and inflammation PMID: 16874737
    14. Constitutive expression of GITRL by tumor cells diminishes natural killer cell antitumor immunity. PMID: 17360848
    15. although huGITRL is not capable of alleviating Treg suppression of responder T cells, huGITRL overexpression on monocyte-derived DC enhances their capacity to induce antigen-specific T cell responses PMID: 17449724
    16. These observations raise the possibility that the GITRL-mediated inflammatory activation of macrophages is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. PMID: 17602748
    17. Levels of AITRL were significantly increased in serum of breast cancer patients PMID: 17914571
    18. hGITRL ectodomain displays considerable self-association/dissociation in solution with a dynamic equilibrium between trimeric and monomeric forms over the range of protein concentrations studied. PMID: 18040044
    19. identify multiple oligomeric species of hGITRL that possess distinct kinetics of ERK activation. PMID: 18378892
    20. The strong correlation of tumor incidence and elevated soluble GITRL levels indicates that soluble GITRL is released from cancers in vivo, leading to impaired NK cell immunosurveillance of tumors PMID: 18689545

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  • 亚细胞定位:
    Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein.
  • 蛋白家族:
    Tumor necrosis factor family
  • 组织特异性:
    Expressed at high levels in the small intestine, ovary, testis, kidney and endothelial cells.
  • 数据库链接:

    HGNC: 11932

    OMIM: 603898

    KEGG: hsa:8995

    STRING: 9606.ENSP00000385470

    UniGene: Hs.248197