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Recombinant Human Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP1R), partial

  • 货号:
    CSB-EP009514HUd7
  • 规格:
    ¥1344
  • 图片:
    • (Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.
  • 其他:

产品详情

  • 纯度:
    Greater than 90% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
  • 基因名:
  • Uniprot No.:
  • 种属:
    Homo sapiens (Human)
  • 蛋白长度:
    Partial
  • 来源:
    E.coli
  • 分子量:
    15.8 kDa
  • 表达区域:
    24-145aa
  • 氨基酸序列
    RPQGATVSLWETVQKWREYRRQCQRSLTEDPPPATDLFCNRTFDEYACWPDGEPGSFVNVSCPWYLPWASSVPQGHVYRFCTAEGLWLQKDNSSLPWRDLSECEESKRGERSSPEEQLLFLY
    Note: The complete sequence including tag sequence, target protein sequence and linker sequence could be provided upon request.
  • 蛋白标签:
    C-terminal 10xHis-tagged
  • 产品提供形式:
    Liquid or Lyophilized powder
    Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
  • 缓冲液:
    If the delivery form is liquid, the default storage buffer is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 5%-50% glycerol. If the delivery form is lyophilized powder, the buffer before lyophilization is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0.
  • 复溶:
    We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
  • 储存条件:
    Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 保质期:
    The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
    Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
  • 货期:
    13-23 business days
  • 注意事项:
    Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
  • Datasheet & COA:
    Please contact us to get it.

产品评价

靶点详情

  • 功能:
    G-protein coupled receptor for glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Ligand binding triggers activation of a signaling cascade that leads to the activation of adenylyl cyclase and increased intracellular cAMP levels. Plays a role in regulating insulin secretion in response to GLP-1.
  • 基因功能参考文献:
    1. review studies that have focused on GLP-1 and the spinal cord, and summarize the expression of GLP-1R and the innervation of PPG neurons in the spinal cord, as well as the potential therapeutic benefits of GLP-1R activation. PMID: 29329976
    2. The study provides evidence that the insulinotropic action of zfGIP in mammalian systems involves activation of both the GLP-1 and the GIP receptors but not the glucagon receptor PMID: 29157578
    3. Clinical studies in non-diabetic patients with neurodegenerative disorders showed neuroprotective effects following administration with GLP-1 receptor agonists, demonstrating that neuroprotective effects are independent of blood glucose levels. PMID: 29412810
    4. Some GLP-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) have been approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) and although clinical trials may not have been designed to investigate bone fracture, first results suggest that GLP-1RA may not exacerbate abnormal bone quality observed in T2DM PMID: 29412811
    5. Here, we discuss recent findings concerning the signalling and trafficking of the GLP-1R in pancreatic beta cells. Leveraging "bias" at the receptor towards cAMP generation versus the recruitment of beta-arrestins and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) activation may allow the development of new analogues with significantly improved clinical efficacy. PMID: 29412835
    6. This may represent a potential mechanism for GLP-1R agonist-induced cardioprotection in type 2 diabetes , as increases in fatty acid oxidation and decreases in glucose oxidation are frequently observed in the hearts of animals and human subjects with T2D. PMID: 29412838
    7. In type 2 diabetic patients from a Han Chinese population, some variations in the GLP-1R gene were associated with a lower risk of developing coronary artery disease. PMID: 30271789
    8. Activation of endogenous GLP-1 is associated with sepsis in patients with type 2 diabetes. PMID: 29334697
    9. increased GLP-1R innervation in IBD bowel could mediate enhanced visceral afferent signalling, and provide a peripheral target for therapeutic intervention PMID: 29813107
    10. GLP1R mRNA transcripts, encompassing the entire open reading frame, were detected in all four cardiac chambers from 15 hearts at levels approximating those detected in human pancreas. PMID: 29444223
    11. Low active GLP-1 secretion is associated with hypertriglyceridaemia. PMID: 29135069
    12. this study, we investigated whether glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), hormones produced by alpha cells, contribute to insulin secretion in INS-1 cells, a beta cell line. Co-treatment with glucagon and exendin-4 (Ex-4), a GLP-1 receptor agonist, additively increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in INS-1 cells PMID: 29725251
    13. genetic association studies in population in Republic of Korea: Data suggest that SNPs in PAX4 and GLP1R are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the population studied. In genome-wide associations, PAX4 Arg192His increased risk of T2D; GLP1R Arg131Gln decreased risk of T2D. (PAX4 = paired box 4 protein; GLP1R = glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor) PMID: 29941447
    14. LINC01121 functions as a tumor promoter by means of its involvement in the process of translational repression of the GLP1R and inhibition of the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway. PMID: 29843149
    15. cryo-EM structure of the human GLP-1 receptor in complex with the G protein-biased peptide exendin-P5 and a Galphas heterotrimer, determined at a global resolution of 3.3 A PMID: 29466332
    16. The results demonstrate the exendin-4 induces a partial reduction in triglycerides in steatotic hepatocytes within 12 h via the GLP-1 receptor-mediated activation of protein kinase A. Thus, the reduction in hepatocyte triglyceride accumulation is likely driven primarily by downregulation of lipogenesis and upregulation of beta-oxidation of free fatty acids PMID: 28707223
    17. Data (including data from studies in knockout mice) suggest that MIR204 (which is highly enriched in beta-cells) directly targets 3'-untranslated region of GLP1R and thereby down-regulates expression of GLP1R in beta-cells. Studies were also conducted in primary human and mouse beta-cells and in rat insulinoma cell line. PMID: 29101219
    18. Data suggest that GLP1R signaling in pancreatic beta-cells leading to insulin secretion involves interactions of GLP1R with HIP1, SNX1, and SNX27; HIP1 appears to regulate coupling of cell surface GLP1R activation with endocytosis; SNX1 and SNX27 appear to control balance between GLP1R plasma membrane recycling and lysosomal degradation. PMID: 29284659
    19. The GLP-1R was abundantly expressed in numerous regions, including the septal nucleus, hypothalamus, and brain stem. PMID: 29095968
    20. This is the first time that human Epicardial adipose tissue is found to express both GLP-1R and GLP-2R genes. PMID: 28514806
    21. Changes in GLP-1 levels are associated with weight loss in newly diagnosed Chinese diabetes patients receiving acarbose PMID: 27717194
    22. the present study revealed that overexpression of GLP1R significantly reduces proliferation, migration and cytokine release in ASM cells from COPD patients; this involved a significant increase in ABCA1 expression levels. This provided evidence to suggest that GLP1R may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of COPD. PMID: 28560433
    23. IL-33, GLP-1R, and CCL20 are deregulated in human inflammatory bowel disease. GLP-1 receptor agonists upregulate IL-33, mucin 5b, and CCL20 in murine Brunner's glands. GLP-1 receptor agonists affect gut homeostasis in both proximal and distal parts of the gut. PMID: 27542128
    24. Data show that exendin-4 (Ex-4) could attenuate breast cancer cell proliferation via activation of glucagonlike peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (GLP-1R) and subsequent inhibition of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB ) activation. PMID: 29045658
    25. crystal structure of the full-length GLP-1 receptor bound to a truncated peptide agonist PMID: 28562585
    26. crystal structures of the human GLP-1R transmembrane domain in complex with two different negative allosteric modulators, PF-06372222 and NNC0640, at 2.7 and 3.0 A resolution, respectively PMID: 28514449
    27. Data suggest that pancreatic level of GLP1R is highest in insulin-secreting cells; here, highest intensity of GLP1R immunostaining was observed in beta-cells in pancreatic tissues obtained from organ-donor cadavers with type 2 diabetes. PMID: 28094469
    28. Data show that purified glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (GLP1R)GLP1R in nanodiscs that could bind to GLP-1 and exendin-4 and activate Gs protein. PMID: 28609478
    29. Dapagliflozin, when added in real life to patients with T2DM treated with GLP1-R agonists, induced a further significant, albeit modest improvement in A1C and a further weight loss. PMID: 28077257
    30. analysis of the biological binding site of exendin-4 peptide in the N-terminal domain of the intact human glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor PMID: 28283573
    31. GLP1-R may represent a novel target for treating bronchial hyperresponsiveness. PMID: 27447052
    32. Our studies show that GLP-1R is widely expressed throughout the human hypothalamus. The decreased expression of GLP-1R in the PVN and IFN of T2DM patients may be related to the dysregulation of feeding behavior and glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetes mellitus. PMID: 26672638
    33. In conclusion, exenatide significantly improves coronary endothelial function in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. The effect may be mediated through activation of AMPK/PI3K-Akt/eNOS pathway via a GLP-1R/cAMP-dependent mechanism. PMID: 27072494
    34. A higher likelihood of attaining A1c goal levels were observed when a GLP-1R agonists was initiated. PMID: 28230449
    35. Immunohistochemistry of human ileum tissues was performed in this study, which showed that TAS2R38 was co-localized with glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) in enteroendocrine L-cells. PMID: 27208775
    36. Data suggest that three conserved positively charged residues located at extracellular ends of transmembrane helices 3, 4 and 5 of GLP1R are essential for high affinity agonist binding and conformational transitions linked to pleiotropic effector coupling through stabilisation of extracellular domains. PMID: 27569426
    37. The rate of homologous desensitization and internalization of the GLP-1R has been determined in a transgenic cell line system. PMID: 28035964
    38. In glucagon-like peptide receptor (GLP-1R) expressing cells, small molecule agonists induced cAMP production but caused no intracellular Ca2+ accumulation, ERK phosphorylation or hGLP-1R internalisation. PMID: 27100083
    39. We aimed to investigate whether genetic variations in glucagon-like peptide receptor are associated with responses to dipepdityl peptidase-4 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes. Polymorphism in the GLP-1 receptor may influence DPP-4 inhibitor response. PMID: 27858848
    40. Results suggest that pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells or their precursor lesions do not overexpress glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) compared with non-neoplastic pancreatic cells. PMID: 26495786
    41. The molecular dynamics simulations of wild-type and mutant GLP-1R.ligand complexes provided molecular insights into GLP-1R-specific recognition mechanisms for the N terminus of GLP-1 by residues in the 7TM pocket and explained how glucagon-mimicking GLP-1 mutants restored binding affinity for (glucagon receptor -mimicking) GLP-1R mutants. PMID: 27059958
    42. NMR-determined structure of a high-potency cyclic conformationally-constrained 11-residue analogue of GLP-1 was also docked into the receptor-binding site. PMID: 26598711
    43. Lack of association of rs6923761 GLP-1 R polymorphism with weight loss. PMID: 26015316
    44. An association was found between the rs6923761 GLP-1 receptor polymorphism and basal GLP-1 levels in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. PMID: 25200998
    45. although GLP-1R is not an independent prognostic factor in PDAC patients, it appears to have some implications for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma metastatic ability PMID: 26238361
    46. Retinal GLP1R expression was similar in patients with diabetes and healthy controls. PMID: 26384381
    47. reduced level in renal arteries of hypertensive patients PMID: 25915883
    48. these findings demonstrate the hGLP-1R has distinct regions within the C-terminal domain required for its cell surface expression, activity and agonist-induced internalisation. PMID: 26116235
    49. GLP-1R rs10305420 polymorphism explained some of the inter-individual differences in response to liraglutide regarding weight loss in obese PCOS women. PMID: 25991051
    50. 168Ser (rs6923761) was nominally associated with alcohol use disorder. The 168 Ser/Ser genotype was associated with increased alcohol administration, and with higher BOLD response in the right globus pallidus. PMID: 26080318

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  • 亚细胞定位:
    Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.
  • 蛋白家族:
    G-protein coupled receptor 2 family
  • 数据库链接:

    HGNC: 4324

    OMIM: 138032

    KEGG: hsa:2740

    STRING: 9606.ENSP00000362353

    UniGene: Hs.351883