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Recombinant Human C-C motif chemokine 15 protein (CCL15), partial (Active)

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  • 纯度:
    >98% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
  • 内毒素:
    Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
  • 生物活性:
    Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The biological activity determined by a chemotaxis bioassay using human T-lymphocytes is in a concentration range of 1.0-10 ng/ml.
  • 基因名:
  • Uniprot No.:
  • 别名:
    C-C motif chemokine 15; C-C motif chemokine ligand 15; CC chemokine 3; CCL15; CCL15(29-92); CCL15_HUMAN; Chemokine (C C motif) ligand 15; Chemokine CC-2; Chemokine CC2; HCC-2; HCC2; HMRP 2B; HMRP2B; Leukotactin 1; Leukotactin-1; LKN-1; LKN1; Macrophage inflammatory protein 5; MIP 1D; MIP-1 delta; MIP-1D; MIP-5; MIP1 delta; MIP1d; MIP5; MRP 2B; Mrp-2b; Mrp2b; NCC 3; NCC-3; NCC3; New CC chemokine 3; OTTHUMP00000163955; SCYA15; SCYL3; Small inducible cytokine A15; Small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys Cys); member 15; Small-inducible cytokine A15; SY15
  • 种属:
    Homo sapiens (Human)
  • 蛋白长度:
  • 来源:
  • 分子量:
    7.4 kDa
  • 表达区域:
  • 氨基酸序列
  • 蛋白标签:
  • 产品提供形式:
    Liquid or Lyophilized powder
    Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
  • 缓冲液:
    0.2 μm filtered PBS, pH 7.4 ,lyophilized
  • 储存条件:
    Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 保质期:
    The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
    Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
  • 货期:
    5-10 business days
  • Datasheet & COA:
    Please contact us to get it.



  • 功能:
    Chemotactic factor that attracts T-cells and monocytes, but not neutrophils, eosinophils, or B-cells. Acts mainly via CC chemokine receptor CCR1. Also binds to CCR3. CCL15(22-92), CCL15(25-92) and CCL15(29-92) are more potent chemoattractants than the small-inducible cytokine A15.
  • 基因功能参考文献:
    1. CCL15 secreted from SMAD4-deficient xenografted human colorectal cancer cells recruited CCR1(+) cells, promoting their metastatic activities to the lung. Lung metastases from colorectal cancer patients revealed that CCL15 expression correlated with loss of SMAD4. CCL15-positive metastases recruited approximately 1.9 times more numbers of CCR1(+) cells than CCL15-negative metastases. PMID: 27492974
    2. CCL15 activation of CCR1 plays critical roles in hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis. PMID: 26501423
    3. Orthotopic animal models of HCC were established to investigate the role of CCL15 in hMSCs migration toward HCC in vivo. Both histological and flow cytometric analysis showed that significantly fewer hMSCs localized within 97H-CCL15-shRNA xenografts compared with 97H-green fluorescent protein xenografts after intravenous delivery PMID: 26763650
    4. Loss of SMAD4 was significantly associated with CCL15 expression. PMID: 26341919
    5. follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) might induce tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) infiltration by producing CCL15. Measurement of TAMs and CCL15 in follicular thyroid lesions may be applied clinically to differentiate FTC from follicular adenoma PMID: 26875556
    6. two inflammatory cytokines, MIP-1delta and MIP-3alpha, are able to increase mesenchymal stromal cells migration in vitro PMID: 25579056
    7. we investigated a role of CCL15 in upregulating ICAM-1 in endothelial cells PMID: 23690481
    8. CCL15 is elevated in human asthma and correlates with disease severity . PMID: 22092970
    9. Data show that Only three of these proteins EGF, PDGF-BB and MIP-1delta (CCL15) differed significantly in plasma between controls and Alzheimer's disease (AD). PMID: 22279551
    10. increased secretion by macrophages during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection PMID: 20016943
    11. truncation of NH2-terminal amino acid residues increases agonistic potency on CC chemokine receptors 1 and 3 PMID: 11832479
    12. Lkn-1 activates the ERK pathway by transducing the signal through G(i)/G(o) protein, PLC, PKC delta and Ras, and it may play a role for cell proliferation, differentiation, and regulation of gene expression for other cellular processes PMID: 12759139
    13. These observations demonstrate that the two NF-kappaB binding sites are essential for phorbol myristate acetate-induced leukotactin-1 (Lkn-1)/CCL15 expression in human monocytes. PMID: 15179048
    14. CCL15(25-92) has in vitro and in vivo angiogenic activity PMID: 15251437
    15. alanine-aspartic acid residues preceding the first cysteine at the NH(2)-terminus are essential for the binding and biological activity of leukotactin-1 PMID: 15894113
    16. Compared with full-length CCL15, proteolytically processed CCL15 isoforms with N-terminal deletions display increased potency to induce calcium fluxes and chemotactic activity on monocytes and to induce adhesiveness of mononuclear cells to fibronectin. PMID: 16034099
    17. Transcription of the CCL15 gene is regulated by AP-1 and NF-kappaB through MEK and JNK MAPK pathways in monocytoid cells. PMID: 16364464
    18. Results point to an involvement of the CCL15-CCR1 axis in the pathophysiology of chronic renal failure. PMID: 16737685
    19. factor NF-kappaB plays an important role in regulation of LZIP expression, and LZIP expression regulates the monocyte cell migration induced by Lkn-1 PMID: 17296613



  • 亚细胞定位:
  • 蛋白家族:
    Intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family
  • 组织特异性:
    Most abundant in heart, skeletal muscle and adrenal gland. Lower levels in placenta, liver, pancreas and bone marrow. CCL15(22-92), CCL15(25-92) and CCL15(29-92) are found in high levels in synovial fluids from rheumatoid patients.
  • 数据库链接:

    HGNC: 10613

    OMIM: 601393

    KEGG: hsa:6359

    STRING: 9606.ENSP00000432034

    UniGene: Hs.272493